Lisan ul Quran (3 Volume Set). In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. Learning the language of the Qur’an made easy. This book teaches. Read Book Lisan-ul-Ghaib Volume ebooks by Meer Waliullah on Rekhta Urdu books library. Navigate to next page by clicking on the book or click the. Lisaan ud-Da’wat is the language of the Taiyebi Bohras of Gujarat, an Isma’ili Shia Muslim community. It is a dialect of the Gujarati language, but incorporates a heavy amount of Arabic, Urdu, and Persian vocabulary and is written in the Arabic script. Originally a ritual language, since the period of the 41st Da’i al- Mutlaq.

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Thus, Alavi Bohras maintained their own separate lisan ul in from other Bohra groups of Gujarat and Yemen, but the basic lisan ul in pattern of all the Bohra communities remained unchanged, unlike the Sulaymani Bohras who deviated from the main course to embrace Urdu as their community language. Khojki has a minimal influence on the Alavi Bohra language and Sanskrit vocabulary also gradually degraded due to Gujarati influence on this language. Similar cases are shown in examples xxvii and xxviii.

Every Isma’ili preacher who came hl India after Losan [4] Ahmad, either from Egypt or from Yemen, had Arabic as his basic and main language. Lisan ul in Learn how and when to remove this template message. Sound change is the most studied area in historical linguistics. LDA thus contained 44 letters. This was the period when Bohra missionaries practiced and preached their faith openly and the local people felt their presence in Ahmedabad.

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From lisan ul in above examples iii to xiv, it is observed that all of the retroflex and postalveolar sounds in Lisan ul in Gujarati changes to alveolar sounds in Alavi Bohra. Bhili Gamit Kalto Vasavi. The basic meaning on a word is expressed lisna the consonantsu, different shades of this basic meaning are indicated by vowel changes.

University of Chicago Press. In the above example, in standard Gujarati ‘rasoi’ means “to cook” and ‘pakavvu’ means “to ripen”, and in LDA ‘pakavvu’ means both “to cook” and “to ripen”. Similar cases are shown in examples xiii and lisan ul in. This unique language makes llisan Alavi Lisan ul in linguistically different lisann other Bohra sects. During this era, in AD, there was a major schism of succession in Ahmedabad among the Bohras.


It also happened that, in lisan ul in to learn more about their religious teachings, many people from Gujarat migrated to the Da’i the representative of the Imaam of Egypt in Yemen. The amalgamation of their language with the contemporary language of India gave rise to a new language, a link lisan ul in called Urdu, due to the mingling of Persian and Hindavi aam boli. Some of these students were sent to Yemen to acquire higher religious education under the inspection of the Da’i himself.

This change is again due to the contact of Arabic and Persian, as the later languages do not possess retroflex and postalveolar sounds, thus they are changed to alveolar sounds in LDA. This distinctive feature of Semitic languages may be affecting the Gujarati words in examples xv, xvi, and xix.

This article possibly contains original research. This page was last edited on 23 Juneat This is where the basic Arabic language of Faatemi Mission first combined with the local Gujarati languagegiving birth im a new form of language which got more correlative, complex and comprehensive over time. Similar cases lisan ul in shown in examples xxiv and xxv.

Lisan ud-Dawat – Wikipedia

During the midth century, Mughals invaded India through the Gulf of Khambhat Cambaysince Khambhat was then the biggest port of India.

A distinctive feature of the Semitic languages is the triliteral or triconsonantal root, composed of three consonants separated by vowels. Thus, lisan ul in to the contact of Urdu and metaphorical liasn they have dropped the liswn ‘rasoi’ and have adopted the word ‘pakAvvu’ to explain both the senses of to cook and to ripen. The Alavi Bohra community are a people who believe in Shi’a Isma’ili doctrine, beliefs and tenets.

During this period, as the time demanded and need arose, many Waali-Mullas the representatives of Da’i who in his lisan ul in is entitled to do all lisan ul in activities were appointed to teach in the Madrasah Taiyebiyah all aspects of the religious ni social knowledge to the people.

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Islam and Modernity Among the Daudi Lisan ul in. Konkani Kukna Marathi others. Semantic borrowing occurs when two or more languages come into contact. New trade routes were opened between India and Persia.

Some key works in Lisan al-Dawat are the translations of the literary masterpieces of Isma’ili literature written during the reign of the Fatimids in Egypt, with summaries and admonitions in poetic form written by Fakhruddin. Also, we can say that lisan ul in language contacts are affecting the Gujarati language internally. Eastern Doteli Jumli Nepali Palpa.


Infixation lisan ul in a very common process in Arabic. A similar case is given in example ii. Hence, they use a particular form of Gujarati permeated with Arabic, some Persian u, and some Urdu words and write in the Arabic script called Lisaan ud-Da’wat il-‘Alaviyah.

Hence, from examples i to xxviii, we can observe that, although they have borrowed words from Gujarati, there is an impact of Arabic, Persian and Urdu due to the language contact. Many in the community look lisan ul in Lisan al-Dawat as a bridge for their Gujarati community to Arabic.

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Similar cases are shown in examples x and xi. Mughals came from Persia Iran and spoke Persian Farsi. Metaphor in semantic change involves extensions in the meaning of a word that suggest a semantic similarity or connection between the new sense and the original one. Lisan ul in similar case is shown in lisan ul in viii.

Jadgali Kutchi Luwati Memoni Sindhi. Halbi Bhatri Kamar Mirgan Nahari. Thus, from llisan above examples i to vi, it is observed that Alavi Bohras speak borrowed words from Arabic, Persian and Urdu.

Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing ij references Articles that may contain original research from Pisan All articles that may contain original research Lisan ul in articles without speaker estimate Language articles without language codes Language articles missing Glottolog code Articles containing Arabic-language text.

At each place where the Isma’ili-Taiyebi community resided, there used to be a learned and pious mulla who conducted various classes of religious teachings with different groups of students under the direct guidance of the Yemeni Da’i.

Mullahs on the Mainframe: They spoke a Persio-Arabic language. This way the trade and social relations between Yemen, Hind and Sindh [8] became stronger lisan ul in the lingual expressions, dialects and accents of Arabic, Persian, Urdu and Gujarati got mixed together.

Hindko Khetrani Pahari-Pothwari Saraiki.